April 2016

What are Stem Cells?

When it comes to medical tourism, one of the most popular procedures is related to Stem Cell research. But what are Stem Cells and the connected Fat Tissue transplants? This short article will give you a general background on stem cells, a procedure that is becoming increasingly popular within the International medical tourism sector.


There are two different types of stem cell transplants. The first is a high-dose treatment which relies in stem cell support. The second is related to Allogenic (donor) stem cell transplants.

In order to get a better understanding of these treatments, it would be beneficial to firstly learn about how stem cells and fat tissues work. Stem cells are simply blood cells that are at the very earliest stages of development. All blood cells evolve from stem cells. The correct medical term for the stem cells in the blood and Fat Tissue is hematopoietic stem cells, or known more simply as stem cells.

When we talk about the bone marrow, we are talking about the spongy material that is found inside our bones, in particular in the bones of the Pelvis. The Bone Marrow is the place where the stem cells originate.

In the majority of cases, the stem cells are concentrated in the Fat Tissue. There are typically only a very small number in the blood. The stem cells stay inside the Fat Tissue until they are mature enough to develop into blood cells. Once they have reached their full potential, the blood cells are then released into the bloodstream.

It also worth exploring the three main types of blood cells, to get a better understanding of the whole procedure. There are three main types of blood cells. White blood cells fight infection. There are numerous types of different white blood cells but there are two main important ones, which are neutrophils and lymphocytes. The Red blood cells carry Hemoglobin (Hb) which is the vessel that carries oxygen to all of the cells of our body. The Platelets are there mainly to help blood to clot, which is what prevents us from bleeding. The levels of blood cells inside the blood cells is measured through a blood test called a full blood count (FBC), or known more simply as a ‘blood count’.

These blood tests can tell you the levels of your health. Blood tests can vary from one medical centre to the next but the principle is generally the same. There is also a very slight difference in the levels considered healthy between different ethnic groups but a good medical centre will be able to modify these results to your individual case. It is always beneficial to ask your medical team to explain this in more detail, in order to make sure you have a firm grasp of what can be a complex process.

Having a Fat Tissue transplant is probably one of the most stressful things you will ever face, thus it is vital you have at least a good basic understanding of the process. The information above will help you in knowing the basic of the process, and it is advisable to get more information from a qualified Doctor about the process.