February 2016

Some Primary Causes of Skin Ageing - Facelift, Eyelids

Ageing skin is inevitable, but what are the things in our day to day lives that advance ageing of the skin?

As time goes on the ageing of the skin naturally increases for a variety of reasons. Proteins in the skin being to lack, such as elastin and collagen, and blood or lymph circulation begins to slow (known as poor vascularisation). Despite these given facts there are many factors in our everyday lives that contribute strongly to the ageing of our skin and lead to serious cosmetic changes in the most sensitive areas of our bodies; such as the hands, face and the periocular (eyelids, under eye) area. Many of these things are avoidable and occur as a result of simple day by day activity, making it essential to examine some seemingly negligible practices to avoid serious damage.

¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† Perhaps the least acted upon factor of advanced ageing is exposure to the sun. We are all used to lathering up with sun screen on holiday but blissfully ignorant of the damage that daily exposure to UV rays can cause when we spend extended periods of time outside in clear or hot weather. Though not as intense as tropical climates experienced on holiday, exposure to the sun in daily doses builds up over time and exaggerates tone, wrinkles and dryness. The process is known as Photoageing ‚Äď the result of UVA and UVB rays penetrating the epidermal (outer layer) of the skin and encouraging DNA mutations, and it has been thought to account for up to 80% of visible wrinkles on our skin.

 

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               Aside from the sun it is the pollution in the air that can also contribute to the deterioration of the skin, something suffered far more by city dwellers as populations have grown in recent years. The tropes of any city; cars, cigarettes and smog contribute gases containing molecules known as free radicals. Free radicals circulate in the air and damage the skin by taking atoms from complete molecules on our skin, thereby advancing ageing by gradually stealing from exposed areas. The results are similar to daily UV exposure; exacerbated wrinkles, uneven skin tone and sagging.

               Because of factors like global warming and the increase of pollution, free radicals and UV rays are entering our lives, and our skin, far more often. One of the results has been an increased market for skincare, plastic surgery and other cosmetic surgery procedures (Facelift SMAS or MACS, eyelids surgery, neck lift, silhouette lift). Patients popularly choose face lift and injection treatments to boost or fortify their skin against the results of the elements I have mentioned here as well as maintaining a thorough skincare routine. As part of any skin nourishment regime, and whether you are considering surgery or not, there are steps you can take to help your skin as it faces the world. Using a moisturiser of minimum 15 SPF protection will decrease your intake of UVA and UVB rays, making you resilient to the weather on the most basic level. Likewise, washing your face daily will help to eliminate any free radicals that stay on your skin from being in the environment.

 

Sources:

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/drp/2012/135206/

http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/uva-and-uvb/understanding-uva-and-uvb

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11535421